Mechanical Adding Machines

Feel free to try the adding machines. Use a firm steady pull but don't force it if it doesn't want to move. Let the handle go back at its own rate. See the sheets with usage information for some sample problems. Solutions are on the back.

See back wall for family history of these machines.

The Sears adding machine can only add and subtract directly. You can multiply by manual repeated adds and shifts. It also can't display a negative result - you will get the 10's complement of the result.

The Underwood Sundstrand has a 10-key keypad which allows a skilled operator to touch type so is faster to use. It also can only add and subtract directly. Multiply is a little simpler, and it can also properly print negative totals.

Internals of Sears. Sundstrand unit is more complicated.

The Sears adding machine is model 187-580140. It was made by Remington Office Machines division of Sperry Rand Corporation. The model was originally made by Clary Corporation which was bought by Sperry-Rand in August, 1960. The Sears mechanism above took a lot of work to get working again. Sitting all these years unused allowed the oil to harden to a very effective glue. Some parts I could disassemble, clean and re-lubricate but others were installed with pressed/peened pins. For those I used penetrating oil and moved them when I could. Others such as the many rollers and gears I had to heat with my hot air rework tool (set to 250-300F) to soften the hardened oil enough to be able to move the parts and get new oil in. Without proper cleaning it is likely it will get stiff again if it sits too long. It also needed a new ribbon.

The Underwood Sundstrand had been well oiled during its life and I only found a few parts stuck when I re-lubricated it. The ribbon was still usable. The Sundstrand adding machine rights were sold to Underwood-Elliot Fisher Company in 1927.

Feel free to contact me, David Gesswein with any questions, comments on the web site, or if you have related equipment, documentation, software etc. you are willing to part with.  I am interested in anything PDP-8 related, computers, peripherals used with them, DEC or third party, or documentation. 

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